Regimes of Noncompliance: Human Rights Law and Crises in Myanmar and China
Russell Andre Clarke
Ryerson University , CA
My name is Russell Clarke. I am a 3rd year undergraduate student at Ryerson University in Toronto. My major is politics and governance, pursuing a double minor in economics and philosophy, respectively. I am highly interested in ideological polarization and the evolution of political thought. I also have a keen interest in existentialism, macroeconomic theory and finance, and 20th century literature. After graduating with my undegraduate degree, I hope to pursue a master's degree in poltical theory at LSE and then go on to do a PhD in poltical philosophy back in Canada or the United States. My hobbies include, reading, photography, football, and avant-garde fashion.
Abstract: This research paper analyzes the Human Rights (HR) crises that are currently ongoing concerning the Rohingya ethnic group in Rahkine Myanmar and the Uyghur people in Xinjiang China. First touching on the conception of HR envisaged in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the paper aims to uncover the ways by which, both for political and economic reasons, this enduring culture of rights have been undermined or circumvented by the governments of China and Myanmar. My focus will be paid to the specific HR instruments: The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide and the Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons. I examine various articles, instruments, and organs within the broader international HR apparatus and then, from a critical perspective, uncover their weaknesses. Utilizing an extensive body of literature regarding HR compliance coupled with insights into the historical and political-philosophical nuances of these two nations and the ethnic groups of concern, the paper attempts to formulate a theory of regime type and HR compliance corollaries.